Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry




Drought is one of the major abiotic stresses limiting the advancement of the pear industry in the arid and semiarid regions of China. Currently, the production of pear seedlings mainly depends on the grafting propagation of rootstocks from Pyrus betulaefolia Bunge and Pyrus calleryana Decne. However, limited information is available on the drought stress potential of these rootstocks. Here, we conducted pot experiments with controlled watering conditions on both rootstocks' seedlings and compared their growth, plant hydraulic conductivity, and stem sap flow velocity. Both rootstocks' seedlings were challenged with three drought regimes i.e. light (LD), moderate (MD), and heavy (HD) drought stress. The results indicated that P. betulaefolia performed better in growth than P. calleryana under the same drought regimes. Under LD, MD, and HD the relative growth of the new shoots, leaf-specific canopy hydraulic conductivity, leaf, stem, and root hydraulic conductivity, and stem sap flow velocity of P. betulaefolia exhibited reduction as compared to control (CK). Similar reduction trends were noted for P. calleryana, with slight variations in the case of stem-specific canopy hydraulic conductivity.


Drought regimes, pear breeding, hydraulic resistance, stem sap flow velocity

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