Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry




Biogradska Gora National Park in Montenegro is part of the Dinaric Mountains mixed forest, which belongs to the montane region of the Dinaric Alps. This paper presents some of the main structural and ecological characteristics of the mixed broadleaved old-growth forest with beech [Fagus moesiaca (Domin, Maly) Czecz.], sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) and European ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) from the preserve area of the Biogradska Gora. These forest ecosystems are characterized by the high species richness and potential productivity. In the study area, 58 vascular plant species were recorded in 4 sample plots of 0.25 ha each. The average timber volume found in the sample plots was 814 m3/ha. This value is twice as high as that of similar pure beech forests in the same preserve area. The results are confirmed the biodiversity and production potential of mixed broadleaved forests, which rarely occur spontaneously. A better understanding of the processes of the pristine forest ecosystems could form a realistic basis for close-to-nature management of similar stands. The obtained data provides overview of the structural characteristics of these forests, which have developed without anthropogenic influence. Exploring the structure of forests in permanent preservation areas could be an excellent basis for close-to-nature forest management.


Biogradska Gora, mixed forest, old growth forest, Montenegro

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