Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry




The effects of the plant growth regulator trinexapac-ethyl (TE), conjoined with different seeding rates of rice (Oryza sativa L.) milling yields, were evaluated in Turkey between 2009 and 2010. Two rice cultivars (Osmancık-97 and Karadeniz), three seeding rates (400, 500, and 600 seeds m-2), and four doses of TE (0, 100, 200, and 300 g ai ha-1) were compared. The experiments were designed in a randomized block in factorial ordering with 3 replicates. Quality factors including head, cargo, and total rice milling yields, 1000 grain weight, and lodging score were evaluated. Head rice milling yield was affected significantly; however, no statistically significant difference was seen with respect to cargo rice and total milled rice by TE dose. The effect was predicted to depend on grain weight and lodging, which decreased rice milling yield. Seeding rate did not have a significant impact on milling yields. There was a significant correlation between milling yields (head rice and total milled rice but not cargo rice) and both 1000-grain weight and lodging. A seeding rate of 500 seeds m-2 was the optimum value among all seeding rates, and the highest milling yields were obtained from Osmancık-97. Irrespective of genotype and seeding rate, treatments with 100, 200, and 300 g TE ai ha-1 increased head rice milling yield. All doses of TE reduced 1000 grain weight and lodging. Regression analysis revealed that increasing TE doses raised head rice milling yield.

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