Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry




Mixed inheritance analysis using joint segregation analysis was investigated in 6 basic populations (P_1, F_1, P_2, BC_1, BC_2, and F_2) of 4 wheat crosses, i.e. Hashim-08 × LU-26, Farid-06 × Shafaq, Parula × Blue Silver, and TD-1 × D-97603, for grain filling duration during the crop season of 2011/2012. In cross Hashim-08 × LU-26, the duration of grain filling was controlled by 1 major gene and the additive-dominance-epistasis of polygenes (model D). In cross Farid-06 × Shafaq, the duration was controlled by additive-dominance-epistasis of 2 major genes (model B-1). However, in crosses Parula × Blue Silver and TD-1 × D-97603, the period of grain filling was under the control of 2 mixed groups of genes including additive-dominant-epistatic major genes plus the additive-dominant-epistasis of polygenes (model E and model E-1, respectively). In cross Hashim-08 × LU-26, the variation and heritability of the polygenes were greater than those of the major gene, whereas these components were low in cross Parula × Blue Silver. In crosses Farid-06 × Shafaq and TD-1 × D-97603, no polygenes were involved and the duration of grain filling was mainly under the influence of major genes. For the duration of grain filling, the maximum environmental variation revealed the influence of environment. Results suggested that due to its maximum heritability, early selection would be feasible in cross Hashim-08 × LU-26, while due to low heritability and variation in cross Parula × Blue Silver, delayed selection will be effective. Yield improvement based on duration of grain filling could be done through selection in later generations until the accumulation of the maximum favorable additive genes is achieved.

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