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Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

DOI

10.3906/tar-0902-45

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the prey preference of the omnivorous bug Dicyphus tamaninii Wagner (Heteroptera: Miridae) among 5 different prey species, and its interaction with 3 different natural enemies commonly used in greenhouses. Moreover, the survival duration of the predator was studied in response to different nutritional sources. In multi-choice trials all developmental stages of the predator tested, namely N_3, N_5, and adult female, showed a clear preference for Aphis gossypii Glover over other prey species offered. Nonetheless, a considerable number of Tetranychus urticae Koch, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), and Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) were also consumed. Myzus persicae (Sulzer) was the least preferred by all the predatory stages tested. In a separate experiment, D. tamaninii was able to complete its development from N_1 to adult stage in an average of 21 days, with 20% mortality, when offered only T. urticae as prey.As testing all of the potential interactions with other beneficial arthropods is not practical, the present study focused on 3 natural enemies most likely to be disrupted by a possible release of D. tamaninii in a greenhouse; these were Amblyseius cucumeris Oudenmans, Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henrriot, and Aphidius colemani Viereck (A. gossypii mummies), in the presence of unparasitized A. gossypii nymphs. The results show that D. tamaninii mostly attacked unparasitized A. gossypii first. Moreover, an average of only 3.8 A. cucumeris, 2.6 P. persimilis, and 0.2 A. colemani individuals day^{-1} female^{-1} were attacked. Furthermore, the results show that D. tamaninii females were able to survive for 41.2, 14.5, 9.8, and 3.8 days when offered only A. gossypii, honey emulsion, cucumber plant, or no food, respectively.

First Page

415

Last Page

420

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