The differences in the reproductive biology of overwintered (OW) and F_1 generation of Trissolcus semistriatus Nees and T. festivae Victorov (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) were investigated under laboratory conditions. The experiments were conducted to evaluate oviposition period, lifetime fecundity, female progeny, sex ratio, and longevity of OW and F_1 generation with the two species as factors. The results of this study showed that the oviposition period of F_1 generation was longer than that of OW females for both of the two parasitoid species. With the exception of F_1 generation of T. festivae, the highest daily average progeny production of females was recorded on the first day. The mean lifetime fecundity of ovipositing females were calculated as 88.8 ± 6.13 and 111.9 ± 6.66 for OW and F_1 generation of T. semistriatus, 85.6 ± 6.83; 104.7 ± 4.66 for OW and F_1 generation of T. festivae, respectively. The sex ratios of progeny for both of the species were distinctly female-biased. The effects of species, factors (OW and F_1 generation), and their interactions were significant on the sex ratio of progeny. The average longevity of OW females was 16.2 ± 1.76 days for T. semistriatus and 16.9 ± 1.21 for T. festivae. The average longevity of F_1 generation females was 17.5 ± 1.46 days for T. semistriatus and 28.5 ± 1.94 for T. festivae. Thus, some several biological characteristics of both species were compared and discussed with regard to the use of OW populations for the successful implantation of biological control and mass production.
Egg parasitoid, overwintering, progeny, sunn pest, Trissolcus
TARLA, ŞENER and KORNOŞOR, SERPİL
"Reproduction and survival of overwintered and F_1 generation of two egg parasitoids of sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps Put. (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae),"
Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry: Vol. 33:
3, Article 4.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/agriculture/vol33/iss3/4