Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry




The aim of this study is to investigate the species composition and significance of beech-wood decomposing macromycetes. A total of 101 species of macromycetes were found on beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) in Azerbaijani forests. All species of xylotophic macromycetes belonged to 52 genera and 13 families of the orders Aphyllophorales, Polyporales, Agaricales and Auriculariales from the subdivision Basidiomycotina. The greatest part (79%) of xylotrophic species is represented by the order Aphyllophorales, species of Polyporales compose 10.9%, Agaricales 8.9%, and only one species belonging to the order Auriculariales. The Poriaceae family takes first place in terms of the number of species and genera (58 species from 41 genera). The intensive destroyers of beech wood in forests are Polyporus squamosus (Huds.: Fr.) Fr., Fomitopsis pinicola (Sw.: Fr.) P. Karst., Fomes fomentarius (L.: Fr.) J. Kickxfil., Phellinus igniarius (L.: Fr.) Quel., Pholiota adiposa (Fr.: Fr.) P. Kumm. and Ganoderma applanatum (Pers.) Pat. The presence of a variety of genera and species of wood decomposing macrofungi, especially in antropogen influenced areas, is an indicator of the destructive processes of forest ecosystems.


Xylotroph, Macromycetes, Beech, Basidiomycotina, Azerbaijan.

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