The venom of two dominant species of wolf spiders, Pardosa sumatrana Thorell and Pardosa birmanica Simon, was extracted and characterized. Insecticidal potential of crude venom and selected peptide fractions (i.e. 35-kDa fraction of both spiders) was evaluated in the laboratory using Rhopalosiphum padi (Linnaeus) (Homoptera: Aphididae) as a model pest. Results of the study showed that both the crude venom and the protein fractions caused significantly higher mortality in treated aphids compared to the control. It is concluded that both the crude venom and the protein fractions possess insecticidal potential.
Venom, peptides, spiders, aphids, insecticide
TAHIR, HAFIZ MUHAMMAD; ZAHRA, KHANUM; and KHAN, AZHAR ABBAS
"Insect-specific peptides in the venom of wolf spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae),"
Turkish Journal of Zoology: Vol. 42:
5, Article 11.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/zoology/vol42/iss5/11