In Uzbekistan, 53 species in 4 families of nematodes of the suborder Filariata Skrjabin, 1915 (Aproctidae , Splendidofilariidae , Diplotriaenidae , Oswaldofilariidae ) were found to infect 14 orders of birds. Passeriformes harbored 23, the greatest number of species. The rate of infection was significantly lower in birds confined to aquatic environments.
SAPAROV, KALANDAR; AKRAMOVA, FIRUZA; AZIMOV, DJALALIDDIN; GOLOVANOV, VLADIMIR; and KUCHBOEV, ABDURAKHIM
"Biodiversity of filariae (Nematoda: Filariata), parasites of birds in Uzbekistan,"
Turkish Journal of Zoology: Vol. 37:
6, Article 12.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/zoology/vol37/iss6/12