Turkish Journal of Zoology
Mass Production and Release of Calosoma sycophanta L. (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Used against the Pine Processionary Moth, Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae), in Biological Control
This study was conducted to determine the mass production of Calosoma sycophanta L. under laboratory conditions (23 °C, 60%-65% RH and a photoperiod of 8:16 (L:D) h, 85%-90% soil humidity) between 2001 and 2004 in Kahramanmaraş. The adult emergence period of C. sycophanta started on 21 February and extended until 7 March (from soil). When they emerged, they fed on caterpillars of the pine processionary moth. The egg laying period continued for 20-25 days with a hatching period 6-13 days, Three larval instars were observed. Duration of the first instars was 7-11 days, of the second was 8-12 days, and of the third was 15-18 days. The pupal stage of the beetle continued for 9 to 16 days. During this application pupae should be put into humid soil 25-30 cm deep. Approximately 200-250 laboratory reared individuals were released per hectare.
Calosoma sycophanta, Predator, Thaumetopoea pityocampa, mass production, Kahramanmaraş
KANAT, MEHMET and ÖZBOLAT, MUHAMMET (2006) "Mass Production and Release of Calosoma sycophanta L. (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Used against the Pine Processionary Moth, Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae), in Biological Control," Turkish Journal of Zoology: Vol. 30: No. 2, Article 10. Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/zoology/vol30/iss2/10