Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences




The aim of this study was to evaluate the serological diagnostic potential of the Brucella recombinant outer membrane (rOMP25, rOMP31) and periplasmic proteins (rBP26, rSOD) in a comparative way using an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (i-ELISA). Rabbit and/or mouse antibodies to Brucella whole cell and/or soluble protein preparations recognized all recombinant proteins used, which confirms the expression of target antigens in E. coli in active form. The recombinant proteins showed different antigenicity to antibodies of cattle kept on a brucellosis-affected (endemic) farm and/or a new focus of infection. Thus, the presence of anti-Brucella antibodies was confirmed by i-ELISA/rSOD in 79% of cows from endemic conditions with positive results by conventional serological tests (RBPT and/or CFT). However, antibodies specific to this protein were detected in only 14% of seropositive animals kept in the hotbed of a new brucellosis infection. Moreover, rSOD-specific antibodies were not detected in the sera of vaccinated cattle from a brucellosis-free farm, whereas antibodies to other recombinant proteins were found in 2%-8% of animals. Using recombinant proteins in immunoassays significantly reduced the number of cows positive for brucellosis. Furthermore, there was not a single protein among the rOMPs that would show the total positive results of all proteins used. Thus, the development of reliable ELISA tests for the diagnosis of brucellosis requires further comprehensive study of the recombinant proteins in order to design a multiprotein antigen that consists of a combination of several proteins with diagnostic potential.

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