Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences




This study was carried out to assess the effect of the incorporation of detoxified argan press cake on milk yield, physicochemical composition, and microbial quality of raw Alpine goat milk produced in the Meskala-Essaouira region of southwestern Morocco. The detoxification method, adopted for the removal of saponin present in the argan press cake, succeeded in reducing these antinutrients from 4.56 to 0.4 mg/g, allowing it to be used as livestock feed. The average of milk production increased by 24% for the detoxified argan press cake (DAPC) group compared to the argan press cake and local diet groups. The diets and lactation stages had a significant effect (P < 0.05) on fat, protein, total solids, and salt in milk. Lactation stage and diet also had a significant effect (P < 0.001) on saponin concentrations in goat milk. Microbiological analysis showed that microbial flora of raw goat milk samples decreased with lactation stage. In terms of performance, DAPC could replace a conventional diet for goats without substantial detrimental effects.


Argan press cake, detoxified, goat, milk content

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