Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences






The present study evaluated the expression of secretory proteins involving surfactant proteins (SP-A, SP-B, proSP-C), Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP), and thyroid transcription factor-I (TTF-I), together with lambda light chain IgG (λ-IgG), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and lymphocytic phenotypes (T and B cells) in the pneumonic rat lungs. The most prominent gross lesion was severe pulmonary abscession. The lungs showed severe parenchymal destruction and necrosis encapsulated by fibrous tissue. Immunostaining for SPs displayed evident hyperplasia of type II pneumocytes. Immunoreaction to SP-A and SP-B occurred strongly on the luminal surface of type II cells, and to proSP-C in the perinuclear area. CCSP immunolabeling was seen in the cytoplasm of the lining epithelium of the distal airways. The nuclei of type II cells labeled positively for TTF-I. The λ-IgG positive reaction was found in the cytoplasm of plasmacytes and B cells. PCNA staining confirmed proliferation of type II cells and fibroblasts. Moderate numbers of CD3+ T cells, but few CD79αcy+ B cells, were found in the lungs. Statistical analysis found high significance (P < 0.001, except for λ-IgG) between groups. The results of the study revealed that type II cells proliferate highly to restore the damaged lungs and that CCSP and SPs may be used to identify tumors originating from Clara cells and type II pneumocytes of rats, respectively.


Immunohistochemistry, lungs, pneumonia, rat, secretory proteins

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