Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences




The effects of outdoor raising on the survival and growth of Simmental calves in individual hutches were studied at Kazova State Farm, the location having a mixture of Black Sea and semiarid continental climate conditions. A total of 63 female calves born in each of the four seasons between March 1996 and February 1997 were used. The animals were kept in individual hutches for 3 months (preweaning period) and then in groups of 10 until 6 months of age (postweaning period). The mean birth weight was 38.92 kg, while average birth weights for the seasons ranged from 37.70 to 40.44 kg (P


Simmental, Calves, Outdoors Rearing, Growth, Survival

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