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Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

DOI

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Abstract

This study was carried out of to investigate the fattening and carcass characteristics of Türkish Merino (M), Hampshire Down (HD) x M F_1 , HD x (HD x M) B_1, German Blackheaded Mutton (GBM) x M F_1 and GBM x (GBM x M) B_1 male lambs. In this study, 10 M, 10 HD x M (F_1), 7 HD x (HD x M) B_1, 10 GBM x M (F_1) and 8 GBM x (GBM x M) B_1 male lambs were used for fattening traits, and 6 of each breed for carcass traits. The lambs were fed, from the beginning at aproximately 20 kg of live weight to the finishing at 45 kg, alfalfa hay 100 g/head/day and concentrates ad libitum. For statistical analysis, one way analysis of varians was used. For Merino, HD x M F_1, HD x ( HD x M) B_1, GBM x M F_1 and GBM x ( GBM x M) B_1 lambs, daily gains and fed : gain ratios, were 319.79 g and 4.91 kg, 329.66 g and 4.50 kg, 345.24 g and 3.77 kg, 348.37 g and 3.97 kg, 312.68 g and 4.60 kg respectively. In this study, all carcasses were divided into five cuts named leg, shoulder, back, loin and others. To obtain knowledge about carcass composition, leg and shoulder cut was dissected. Dressing percentages were found as, 49.63, 48.54, 49.64, 48.50 and 48.87 % ,the ratios of leg weights in the carcass were 34.16, 33.29, 32.80, 33.56 and 32.90 %, shoulder weights 19.14, 18.92, 19.08, 19.08 and 18.92 %, back weight 8.79, 9.60, 9.92, 9.31 and 10.07 %, loin weights 8.04, 8.67, 7.96, 8.20 and 8.39 %, others weights 26.46, 26.39, 26.09, 26.97 and 25.68 %, kidney knob and channel fat weights 1.17, 1.10, 1.73, 1.10 and 1.24 %, eye muscle areas were 15.75, 14.17, 14.46, 15.29 and 12.83 cm2 (p < 0.01), back-fat thicknesses were 7.95, 9.57, 8.89, 6.03 and 7.10 mm,The ratios of lean meat weights in the leg cut were 64.57, 62.72, 62.37, 62.34 and 62.21 %, fat weights 17.29, 20.09, 21.52, 18.44 and 19.20 % (p < 0.05), bone weights 18.14, 17.19, 16.11, 19.22 and 18.60 % (p < 0.01). The ratios of lean meat weights in the shoulder cut were 60.74, 61.75, 59.13, 58.64 and 57.60 % (p < 0.01), fat weights 20.83, 19.04, 23.17, 22.59 and 22.78 % (p < 0.05), bone weights 18.43, 19.20, 17.70, 18.77 and 19.62 % for breeds in the above order.

First Page

507

Last Page

516

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