Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Etiopathology of Enterotoxaemia in Small Ruminants in Elazig and Surrounding Cities I. The Group in Which Cl. perfringens was Isolated from Enterotoxaemia Suspected Cases




In this study, bacteriological examination revealed that in 37.9 % of the 66 cases, primer etiological agent of enterotoxaemia was Cl. perfringens. Peracute and acute death, neurological symptoms and diarrhea were observed in these cases. Macroscobic examinations revealed that in type B and C infections, the primary lesions in the small intestines were necrosis and haemorrhagie. In type D infections the lesions were located in kidneys. All clostridium species induced necrotic lesions in the liver and hydropericardium. In microscobic examinations of Cl. perfringens type A infected animals toxaemic lesions in the liver were observed. In type B and C infections haemorrhagie and necrosis in the intestine were prevalent. Type D infections were characterized with lesions in the liver, encephalomalacia and oedema in the lung.


Small ruminants, enterotoxaemia, etiopathology, Cl. perfringens, histopathology.

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