Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences




On the 6th of February 2023, Mw 7.7 Pazarcık (Kahramanmaraş) and Mw 7.6 Ekinözü (Kahramanmaraş) earthquakes that occurred in Türkiye are devastating earthquake series that filled the existing seismic gaps on East Anatolian Fault Zone on the same day. The first Mw 7.7 earthquake caught most people in their sleep and 9 h later, a second one was triggered, ending up with more than 50k death toll, widespread damage to buildings, and massive landslides. This study presents the surface rupture geometry and coseismic displacement characteristics determined with field observations immediately after February 6, 2023, Ekinözü (Kahramanmaraş, Türkiye) earthquake (Mw 7.6). Preliminary implications show that the total rupture length is 130 ± 10 km on the Çardak segment and Doğanşehir segment, known as the northern branch of the East Anatolian Fault Zone. Left lateral strike-slip faulting is developed with a maximum horizontal displacement of 6.60 m and an average displacement of 3.00 m. Furthermore, the pitches of slip lines ranging from 0° to 10° were measured on the neoformed fault planes. In addition to that, surface rupture exhibits restraining bends and releasing bends structure at small scales on the Çardak segment. From this point on, our preliminary results signify that Çardak and Doğanşehir segments were consecutively broken in Mw 7.6 Ekinözü (Kahramanmaraş) earthquake that traced between Göksun and Nurhak region and from there reached the Eskiköy regions. Furthermore, potential stress may be concentrated on not only the Sürgü segment which is on the transfer fault between the northern branch and the southern branch of East Anatolian Fault Zone but also the west of the Çardak segment and the northeast of the Doğanşehir segment near Yeşilyurt (Malatya).


East Anatolian Fault Zone, Ekinözü (Kahramanmaraş) earthquake, Çardak Segment, Doğanşehir segment, surface rupture

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