Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences




The Hellenic subduction system governs the entire Aegean region through the creation of a migrating magmatic arc that has existed since the beginning of the Early Cenozoic. The Karadağ Pluton is situated in the NW part of Turkey and represents one of the distinct snapshots of this subduction system during the Late Oligocene-Early Miocene Period.iod. It consists of 2 major lithological units, based on their petrographic and geochemical features, comprising: 1) main plutonic facies (SiO2 < 70 wt.%) that are dominated by hornblende- and biotite-bearing monzogranite, quartz monzonite, and granodiorite, and 2) late-stage more felsic facies (SiO2 > 70 wt.%) that are represented by cordierite-free and cordierite-bearing leucogranites. Zircon U-Pb laser ablation inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry and K-Ar dating revealed crystallization and cooling ages of 23.9 ± 0.5 Ma and 20.2 ± 0.9 Ma for the main plutonic bodies, and 22.0 ± 1.1 Ma for the leucogranite facies, respectively. The pluton had a high-K calc-alkaline affinity and exhibited a metaluminous to peraluminous (aluminum saturation index of


Peritectic entrainment assemblage, magma mixing, U/Pb and K-Ar dating, mantle-crust interaction, Biga Peninsula, Sakarya Zone

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