The rock assemblages of the Princes? Islands, which are located to the south of mainland İstanbul, are regarded as parts of the Lower Paleozoic quartz sandstones, although they were initially considered as volcanic rocks by Swan in 1868. They differ from quartz sandstones by their vesicular texture and are devoid of any stratigraphic layering. Their mineral constituents are plagioclase (30%-35%), feldspar (35%-40%), and quartz (20%-25%), corresponding to rhyolite. The crystallization age of the rhyolites is 45.66 ± 0.84 Ma on the basis of the U-Pb zircon data. They show high-K calc-alkaline affinity. On primitive-normalized spider diagrams, negative anomalies of Ba, Nb, Sr, P, and Ti and positive anomalies of Pb are noteworthy. Their chondrite-normalized REE patterns are characterized by strongly fractionated patterns with demonstrative negative Eu anomaly, whereby middle REE are not fractionated relative to the heavy REE. These geochemical features suggest a fractionating mineral assemblage of feldspar, apatite, and biotite without significant involvement of garnet. The Lutetian rhyolites of the Princes' Islands are a part of the Middle Eocene magmatic associations of the West Pontides, related to collision of the Menderes-Taurus block with the Pontides.
İstanbul, quartz sandstone, rhyolite, Middle Eocene, West Pontides
"Middle Eocene high-K acidic volcanism in the Princes' Islands (İstanbul) and itsgeodynamic implications,"
Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences: Vol. 29:
8, Article 9.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/earth/vol29/iss8/9