Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences




The Antalya Complex in southern Turkey comprises a number of autochthonous and allochthonous units that originated from the Southern Neotethys. Late Triassic volcanic rocks are widespread in the Antalya Complex and are important for the onset of the rifting stage of the southern Neotethys. The studied Late Triassic volcanic rocks within the Antalya Complex are exposed in the southern part of Saklıkent (Antalya) region. They are represented by pillow, massive, and columnar-jointed lava flows with volcaniclastic breccias and pelagic limestone intercalations. Spilitic basalts exhibit intersertal, microlithic porphyritic, and ophitic textures and are represented by plagioclase, pyroxene, and olivine. Secondary phases are characterized by serpentine, calcite, chlorite, epidote, zeolite, and quartz. Based on Zr/Ti vs. Nb/Y ratios, the volcanic rocks are represented by alkaline basalts (Nb/Y = 1.54-2.82). A chondrite normalized REE diagram for the volcanic rocks displays significant LREE enrichment with respect to HREE ([La/Yb]N = 15.14-19.77). Trace element geochemistry of the studied rocks suggests that these rocks are more akin to ocean island basalt (OIB) and were formed by small degrees (~2-4%) of partial melting of an enriched mantle source (spinel + garnet-bearing lherzolite). The volcanic rocks of the Saklıkent region exhibit similarities to the Late Triassic volcanics of the Koçali Complex in SE Anatolia and the Mamonia Complex (Cyprus) in terms of their geochemical features. All evidence suggests that the Late Triassic alkaline volcanics in Antalya, Mamonia (Cyprus), and the Koçali (Adıyaman) Complexes were formed in an extensional environment at the continent-ocean transition zone during the rifting of the southern Neotethyan Ocean.


Alkali basalt, seamount, ΔNb, enriched mantle, Neotethys, Antalya Complex

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