Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences




The Strandja Massif (Sakar-Strandja Zone) forms an important link between the Balkan Zone (external Balkanides) of Bulgaria, which is commonly correlated with the Variscan orogen in Central Europe, and the Western Pontides of Turkey. The Bulgarian part of the massif is composed of a metamorphic basement (various granite gneisses, paragneisses, and schists) traditionally interpreted as having Precambrian age, Triassic-Jurassic metasedimentary cover, and Upper Cretaceous volcanosedimentary sequences. The basement is intruded by large granitic plutons of Variscan age that are widespread mostly across Turkish territory. New LA-ICP-MS data support the suggestion of Variscan granitoid magmatism in the studied area but do not confirm the presence of Precambrian rocks. Furthermore, two stages of magmatism are determined in relation to the Variscan metamorphism and deformation. The first one (301.9 ± 1.1 Ma) is represented by strongly deformed metagranites and thus is interpreted as syntectonic, while the second one is relatively younger (293.5 ± 1.7 Ma) and postmetamorphic.

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