Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences




The studied Gülüç section of the Silurian Fındıklı Formation is situated on the western bank of Gülüç Creek in Ereğli, NW Anatolia, Turkey, in the eastern part of the Zonguldak Terrane. The Gülüç section consists of 3 sedimentary packages: greenish grey limy siltstones, 5-7 m thick (1), overlain by an irregular alternation of black shales and clayey limestones, about 15 m thick (2), and a 6-7 m thick succession of mainly siltstones and sandy limestones (3). A combined biostratigraphy based upon graptolites, cryptospores and conodonts indicates that Package 1 is of Llandovery (Rhuddanian, Aeronian and/or early Telychian) age, Package 2 and Package 3 are of late Wenlock-early Ludlow (Homerian and Ludfordian) age. Graptolites in packages 2 and 3 indicate the presence of the Cyrtograptus lundgreni, Neodiversograptus nilssoni and Lobograptus scanicus graptolite biozones. The Ozarkodina crassa Biozone occurs in the lower Gorstian (Ludlow). The specific features of the Gülüç section (lithological changes, condensation, stratigraphic gap, change in graptolite diversity) are related to the global model of Silurian T-R cycles. The Silurian Fındıklı Formation in the Gülüç section, about 20 m thick, represents a condensed lithological succession which differs significantly from the coeval thick, stratigraphically widespread black shales and siltstones of the same formation in the Zonguldak and İstanbul terranes. Sixteen cryptospore species are described and their stratigraphic and geographic distributions are summarised.


Ereğli, Zonguldak Terrane, Graptolites, Conodonts, Cryptospores, biostratigraphy

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