Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences




Western Anatolia has experienced thickening and orogenic collapse subsequent to the Eocene continent-arc collision. The early stage of the post-collisional volcanism in the region was thought to have produced widespread lavas and pyroclastic deposits of calc-alkaline basaltic andesite to rhyolite composition. However, in the Selendi Basin, one of the NE-trending basins in western Anatolia, there are two distinct volcanic unit compositions associated with the Lower Miocene sedimentary rocks: (1) a calc-alkaline, high-potassic felsic unit; and (2) alkaline, ultrapotassic lamproitic units, i.e. both are bimodal in character. The calc-alkaline felsic volcanic rocks (Eğreltidağ volcanic unit) are composed of wide-spread pyroclastic rocks and lava flows, whilst the ultrapotassic-lamproitic mafic rocks (Kuzayır lamproite) consist of small-volume syn-sedimentary lava flows. The geochemical characteristics of the Kuzayır lamproite are similar to those of the ´Mediterranean lamproites` that were widely produced in post-orogenic tectonic settings. A temporal and spatial association between these volcanic units clearly describes a post orogenic bimodal volcanic activity. The data also imply that the continental extensional tectonic regime in western Anatolia began, at least, in the Early Miocene, and produced not only calc-alkaline felsic activity but also mantle-derived alkaline, ultrapotassic volcanic rocks.


Western Anatolia, lamproite, ultrapotassic volcanism, bimodal volcanism, continental extension

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