Turkish Journal of Physics




We observed the flat-spectrum radio quasar 4C 29.45 in the BVRI optical bands for 39 nights from February 2022 to July 2022 with the T60 telescope at TÜBİTAK National Observatory (TUG) in Turkey. In this study, we aimed to study flux, color, and spectral variability on short timescales. The object was in an active (bright) phase with an average optical R-band brightness of 14.7 mag and was variable in the BVRI bands throughout the monitoring period. We analyzed the flux variability during our observation period, and the variability amplitudes in V, R, and I bands were determined to be 220%, 208%, and 209%, respectively. Optical spectral energy distributions of 4C 29.45 were derived from the observational data of 33 nights, indicating spectral indices ranging from 1.032 to 1.573. We found modest correlations between optical light curves, and between R-band light curve and spectral indices, suggesting that the time lag ranges from several hours to days. Investigation on relation between spectral and color indices versus R-band magnitude revealed achromatic trend during the bright phase of 4C 29.45 in the first half of 2022. Our periodicity search suggested that the periodicity would be larger than 100 days, and no significant signal for periodicity was found for short timescales.


AGN, blazar, flux variability

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