An important issue in phenomenological macroscopic electrodynamics of moving media is the definition of the energy and momentum of the electromagnetic field in matter. Rather surprisingly, this topic has demonstrated a remarkable longevity, and the problem of the electromagnetic energy and momentum in matter remained open, despite numerous theoretical and experimental investigations. We overview the definition of the momentum of light in matter and demonstrate that, for the correct understanding of the problem, one needs to carefully distinguish situations when the material medium is modeled either as a background for light or as a dynamical part of the total system. The status of Minkowski and Abraham energy-momentum tensors of the electromagnetic field is clarified for the two particular types of complex matter, the spinning fluid and the liquid crystal medium, and summarized for the case of general anisotropic moving material media with a linear constitutive law.
"Momentum of light in complex media,"
Turkish Journal of Physics: Vol. 46:
4, Article 1.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/physics/vol46/iss4/1