Turkish Journal of Physics
We study the Wigner crystallization in semiconductor quantum wires within the density functional approach. As the density of electrons in quasi-one-dimensional structures is lowered, we find that the system favors the crystalline phase as envisioned by Wigner.
AL-HAYEK, I.; TANATAR, B.; and TOMAK, M. (1999) "Wigner Crystalization in Semiconductor Quantum Wires," Turkish Journal of Physics: Vol. 23: No. 4, Article 26. Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/physics/vol23/iss4/26