Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




The distinctive liver framework is converted into structurally abnormal nodules as a consequence of tissue fibrosis in cirrhosis. Cardiac dysfunction in cirrhosis was described, and the term “cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM)” was coined to describe this syndrome. Recent research has shown that the contractile characteristics of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) have a significant impact on right ventricular functions. The right ventricular outflow tract-systolic excursion is an important systolic function marker of RVOT (RVOT-SE). There has yet to be published research on RVOT function in cirrhotic patients. We looked at the relationship between cirrhosis severity and the RVOT-SE.Materials and methods: Sixty-nine consecutive hepatic cirrhotic patients were recruited for the research between June 1, 2018 and January 1, 2022. A medical history, thorough physical examination, laboratory investigations, echocardiographic evaluation, and RVOT-SE were obtained. The patients were separated into two groups: those with compensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class 1) and those with decompensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class 2 and 3).Results: On the numerous standard echocardiographic parameters that examined the diameter and function of the left ventricle, we observed no significant difference between groups. Nevertheless, a statistically significant difference in Right Ventricle Wall (RVW) (p = 0.014), systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) (p = 0.034), RVOT-SE (p = 0.003), and Tricuspid Annular Plane Systolic Excursion (TAPSE) (p = 0.042) was detected across cirrhosis groups. The RVOT-SE had a positive correlation with cirrhosis severity (OR: 0.607; 95% CI: 0.425–0.866; p = 0.006), according to multiple logistic regression studies. According to the ROC curve study, RVOT-SE 8.8 cm/s predicted decompensated cirrhosis with 72% sensitivity and 72.7% specificity (AUC = 0.715, p: 0.001).Conclusion: In the current study, we found that RVOT-SE was related to the severity of cirrhosis. Larger patient cohorts and multi-center investigations will provide light on the notion.


Child-Turcotte-Pugh, cirrhosis, echocardiography, outflow tract, right ventricle, systole

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