Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




In this prospective observational study, our goal was to investigate the relationship between serum levels of oxidative stress (OS) parameters and regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) in addition to evaluating postoperative clinical outcomes among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG).Materials and methods: This study comprised 64 adult patients undergoing elective CABG (on-pump [n = 48] and off-pump [n = 16]) procedures. Serum OS levels and rSO2 values were measured intraoperatively at three specific time points: T1 (after induction), T2 (15 min before aortic cross-clamp removal or the final distal anastomosis), and T3 (15 min after aortic cross-clamp removal or the last distal anastomosis).Results: Serum OS and lactate values demonstrated higher levels at T2 and T3 (p < 0.001), while rSO2 values were lower at T2 (p = 0.024) in the on-pump CABG group compared to the off-pump CABG group. The rSO2 values at T2 exhibited a negative correlation with OS parameters, lactate levels at T2 and T3, aortic clamp time, postoperative mechanical ventilation time, and intensive care unit stay length. In the multivariate linear regression analysis (R2 = 0.181, p = 0.001), lactate values at T2 emerged as the sole factor affecting the OS index at T2 (t = 2.843, p = 0.006).Conclusion: In our study, we observed elevated OS values and relatively low rSO2 values during on-pump CABG procedures, with rSO2 showing an association with increased OS parameters. Close monitoring of the OS response level and rSO2 during CABG could potentially enhance postoperative clinical outcomes.


Cardiopulmonary bypass, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, oxidative stress, cerebral oxygenation

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