Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: This study aimed to examine changes in the thickness of individual macular retinal layers in eyes with pathological myopia (PM) and to compare the thickness of each retinal layer between the PM and control groups to gain insights into retinal perfusion. Materials and methods: The study included 51 eyes in the PM group and 51 eyes in the control group. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to measure the thickness of each retinal layer in the central fovea, parafoveal, and perifoveal regions. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) was used to evaluate the retinal capillary density. Results: In the PM group, the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), and inner nuclear layer (INL) were thicker than in the control group (p = 0.004, p = 0.027, p = 0.020, and p < 0.001, respectively), whereas the outer nuclear layer (ONL) and photoreceptor layer (PRL) were thinner (p = 0.001 and p = 0.003, respectively). In other regions, the RNFL was thicker in the myopic group, whereas the GCL, IPL, INL, and ONL were thinner. OCT-A did not reveal any significant difference between the groups in terms of radial capillary plexus density (p = 0.381); however, the densities of the other plexuses were lower in the PM group. Conclusions: The results showed alterations in the thickness of retinal layers and capillary plexus density in PM. Thus, assessment of the thickness of individual retinal layers may serve as an indicator of vascular diseases that affect the circulation of the retina and choroid.


Choroid, optical coherence tomography, optical coherence tomography angiography, pathological myopia, retinal segmentation analysis

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