Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is an emerging tropical disease that remains a serious public health issue in Pakistan, particularly in North Waziristan. The current research was carried out to investigate the presence of cutaneous leishmaniasis in this region. Materials and methods: This prospective observational study was conducted from October 2018 to December 2020 at District Head Quarter Hospital Miranshah in North Waziristan with the collaboration of the Pathology Department of Gomal Medical College Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Needle aspirates were used for the microscopic Giemsa-stained slides. SPSS was used for data analysis. Results: Of the 5406 clinically-suspected cases, 2603(48.2%) were positive by microscopic examination. Of these 2603 patients, 1474 (57%) were male and 1129 (43%) were female. Most of the lesions were on the face, followed by upper and lower limbs. The 5-10-year age group had the highest percentage of 1167 (45%). A single lesion affected 96.6% of the patients, while 2.7% had double lesions and 0.7% had triple lesions. A high number of cutaneous leishmaniasis were seen from April to August, while the lowest number was seen November to December. Conclusion: This study provides extensive information in relation to the existence of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the North Waziristan district of Pakistan, as well as the detailed demographic features of those affected by the disease.


Leishmania tropica, cutaneous leishmaniasis, North Waziristan, Pakistan

First Page


Last Page