Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: The common disease gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) has a high morbidity and mortality, so there is an urgent need for research to explore new diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets. This investigation was carried out to investigate the expression of sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase acid-like 3b (SMPDL3B) in GAC and its effects on tumor progression. Materials and methods: Samples were collected from patients who underwent radical gastrectomy from January 2021 to December 2022. Along with the normal gastric epithelial cell lines GES-1 and SGC-7901, the AGS, MGC-803, and MSN-45 human gastric cancer cell lines were used to confirm SMPDL3B expression. RT-qPCR, Western blot, immunohistochemical, cell proliferation, assay of wound healing, transwell migration assay, invasion assay, flow cytometry, and immune evaluation experiments were carried out. Results: SMPDL3B was found to be substantially expressed in GAC, and this condition has a bad prognosis. By establishing SMPDL3B knockdown and overexpression of GAC cell lines, this study confirmed that SMPDL3B promoted tumor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Additional bioinformatics research revealed a connection between SMPDL3B and immune cell infiltration in the GAC immunological microenvironment, which enhanced tumor cell proliferation by promoting the infiltration content of M2 macrophages. Conclusion: This study determined the function of SMPDL3B for the clinical diagnosis, prediction, and novel management of GAC.


Gastric adenocarcinoma, SMPDL3B, tumor progression, immune evaluation

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