Background/aim: Cervical spondylosis is a progressive disease that causes degenerative changes affecting the spine, intervertebral discs, facets, and ligaments. With anterior and posterior surgical interventions, effective treatments can be applied in cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). The relationship between regional and global spinal alignment and functional and pain outcomes was examined and it was revealed that these parameters play a significant role in obtaining good results. The aim of this study was to compare the perioperative and follow-up results of patients with CSM who underwent laminoplasty or laminectomy with fusion. Materials and method: CSM patients who were operated on between 2015 and 2020 and had at least 2 years of clinical and radiological follow-up were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into 2 groups as the laminoplasty group and the laminectomy with fusion group, according to a simple random method. Demographic, clinical, radiological, and perioperative parameters were examined. Measurements were made by an independent observer using Surgimap and 2 years was considered to be sufficient time for the spine to take its final shape. Result: A total of 112 patients, including 68 males and 44 females, were included. Of these patients, 69 were in the laminectomy with fusion group, and 43 were in the laminoplasty group. Patient ages ranged from 39 to 85 years. The mean follow-up period was 36.28 months. In both groups, at the 3-month follow-up, a statistically significant improvement in the clinical parameters (neck disability index, visual analogue scale, modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association scores) was observed. When the preoperative cervical radiological parameters were evaluated, no statistically significant difference was found between the groups. The C2?C7 lordotic angles and the cervical SVA values were increased in the postoperative period, for both groups (p < 0.001). Although it is noteworthy that the increases were higher in the laminectomy with fusion group, no statistically significant difference was found between the groups. Conclusion: Deformity in a spinal segment may indirectly affect another segment. Being aware of the compensatory mechanisms and radiological parameters will help in determining the effective treatment plan.
Cervical, lordosis, laminectomy, laminoplasty, balance
AKGÜN, MEHMET YİĞİT; ATEŞ, ÖZKAN; TEPEBAŞILI, MEHMET ALİ; GÜNERBÜYÜK, CANER; and ÖZER, ALİ FAHİR
"Clinical parameters of laminoplasty and laminectomy with fusion in the treatment of cervical spondylosis and analysis of postoperative sagittal balance,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 53:
5, Article 48.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol53/iss5/48