Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: The pathology of laryngomalacia is still not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between vitamin D levels and laryngomalacia, and to evaluate vitamin D levels according to the classification of laryngomalacia. Materials and methods: This retrospective study was conducted in the Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University Medicine Faculty?s Otorhinolaryngology Clinic between June 2014 and January 2021. Laryngomalacia was classified. Laboratory tests for all patients included calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), parathormone (PTH), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cre), alanine transaminase (ALT), and 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH-D). Results: Evaluations were performed for 64 infants with laryngomalacia, including 41 male and 23 female infants with a mean age of 4.6 ± 3.0 months, and a control group of 64 healthy infants with a mean age of 4.5 ± 2.8 months. A statistically significant difference was determined between the laryngomalacia group and the control group with respect to 25-OH-D and PTH levels (p < 0.001). When data were examined according to laryngomalacia types, a statistically significant difference was determined between the groups for 25-OH-D, Ca, P, PTH, and ALT values. The 25-OH-D level was statistically significantly lower in the severe laryngomalacia group than in the mild and control groups (p < 0.001). A statistically significant difference was determined between the moderate and severe laryngomalacia groups and the control group regarding PTH levels (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency may have a role in the etiology of laryngomalacia, and this view is supported by the finding that there was a decrease in vitamin D levels associated with laryngomalacia classification. In addition, the reduction in PTH levels in infants with laryngomalacia may be explained by the change in Ca metabolism. It would be appropriate for further studies to investigate the response to vitamin D replacement therapy in patients with moderate and severe laryngomalacia.


Laryngomalacia, vitamin D deficiency, calcium, parathormone, fiberoptic laryngoscope

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