Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ranks among the most prevalent malignancies worldwide and the third leading cause of cancer-related death. The TRIM (tripartite motif-containing) protein family members had been reported to be involved in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Here we aimed to explore the expression profile of TRIM6 in HCC and investigate its clinical significance as well as underlying mechanisms. Materials and methods: We retrospectively enrolled 138 HCC patients that underwent surgical resection in our hospital and tested protein expression level of TRIM6 through immunohistochemical staining. The correlation between TRIM6 and patients? characteristics was assessed by Chi-square test. Log-rank test and Cox hazard regression test were conducted for univariate and multivariate survival analyses, respectively. Two human HCC cell lines, Huh7 and Hep3B, were subjected for knockdown and overexpression assays, followed by phonotype tests including proliferation and invasion. Nude mice were used to generate xenograft model to validate our findings in vivo. Results: TRIM6 was highly expressed in HCC specimen compared to nontumorous liver tissues. Higher TRIM6 expression was correlated with larger tumor size, later tumor stage, and worse prognosis. According to the cellular experiments, TRIM6-knockdown resulted in decreased expression of cyclin B1, c-Myc, Snail, MMP2, and VEGF-A. Consistently, TRIM6-knockdown led to impaired HCC proliferation, invasion, and angiogenesis. In contrast, TRIM6 overexpression showed opposite effects. Finally, the oncogenic role of TRIM6 in HCC was validated by in vivo mice experiments. Conclusion: TRIM6 can serve as a novel prognostic factor for HCC, which functions by multiple signaling pathways.


Hepatocellular carcinoma, prognosis, proliferation, tripartite motif containing 6

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