Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: The subject of this study was to investigate the utility of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the cryopreservation process to reduce cryodamage and increase tissue viability. Materials and methods: Twenty-one female Wistar rats were randomly allocated to three groups. In Group 1 (G1), rats were not subjected to vitrification (n = 7). Group 2 (G2) was the vitrification group in which PRP was added to the basic vitrification solution (n = 7). Group 3 (G3) was the vitrification group in which fetal bovine serum was added to the basic vitrification solution (n = 7). Warmed tissues were evaluated with histochemical (HC) and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, the TUNEL method, immunofluorescence (IF) staining, and biochemical analyses. Results: The percentages of IHC staining, TUNEL method positivity, and IF staining were significantly higher in G2 compared to both G1 and G3 (P < 0.05). G2 ovaries exhibited a significant increase in both malondialdehyde and catalase values in comparison to G1 (P < 0.05). In HC staining, degenerations in primary and secondary follicles and in ovarian tissue were more common in the PRPsupplemented group. The calcium used in PRP activation was suspected to have increased the degeneration and prevented the possible positive effects of PRP. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, PRP-supplemented vitrification solution was used for the first time in the literature in this study in whole rat ovarian tissue vitrification. If PRP is to be used as a component in vitrification solution for rat ovarian tissue, the use of lower amounts of calcium or different methods in PRP activation, or the use of nonactivated PRP, should be considered from the beginning.


Calcium, cryopreservation, platelet-rich plasma, ovary, vitrification

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