Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: To determine the knowledge about and acceptance level of monkeypox vaccine in men who have sex with men (MSM). Materials and methods: A 14-item questionnaire, developed by the European Centers for Disease Control (ECDC), was presented online to MSM, aged ?18 years old, via smartphone applications (Grindr and Hornet), between June 30th and August 12th, 2022. Results: Of the 737 participants who completed the survey, 678 were born in Türkiye and 59 were migrants/visitors born in different countries. All of the participants were living in Türkiye. The median age was 31 (range 18?68) years. Overall, 21.9% were HIV-positive, 94.9% were using antiretroviral therapy (ART), 3.9% reported using preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), 9.9% had been diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the past 12 months, and 10.1% reported using chemicals during sexual intercourse in the past three months. Participants aged 45?54 were significantly more concerned about being treated differently due to monkeypox than those in the other age groups (p = 0.038). Compared to the participants who were HIV-negative, those who were HIV-positive were significantly more worried about acquiring monkeypox (34.1% were very worried and 43.6% were worried, p = 0.033), were more likely to definitely or probably get vaccinated if offered (67.6% and 80.6%, respectively, p = 0.002), and were more concerned about being exposed to different attitudes due to monkeypox (37.0% and 53.3%, respectively, p < 0.01). Among those using ART, 82.3% and 50.0% reported that they would definitely or probably get vaccinated if offered, respectively (p = 0.046). There were no significant differences between groups for the remaining parameters. Conclusion: Despite the low level of knowledge about monkeypox, the majority of the participants reported that they believed in the vaccine?s efficacy. Those who were HIV-positive were particularly more concerned about monkeypox and were more willing to protect themselves compared to those who were HIV-negative.


HIV, monkeypox vaccine, men who have sex with men, prophylaxis

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