Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Laryngeal cancer is a very common malignant tumor of the head and neck. While laryngeal cancer does not show any obvious early symptoms, it tends to have a poor prognosis in advanced clinical stages. Chromosome region maintenance 1 (CRM1) mediates the nuclear export of some RNAs, major and tumor suppressor proteins and has been associated with the pathogenesis of many tumors. However, the clinicopathological significance of CRM1 gene expression in laryngeal cancer has not been clarified yet. Therefore, this study aims to detect the expression of CRM1 in laryngeal cancer and to investigate its relationship with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis. Materials and methods: CRM1 expression in matched tumor and normal tissues obtained from 43 laryngeal cancer patients were evaluated intracellular for protein and mRNA levels by immunohistochemical staining (IHC), western-blot, and quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR), respectively. Results: IHC, western-blot, and qRT-PCR analyses showed that CRM1 expression was significantly increased in laryngeal cancer tissue compared to normal tissue. Increased expression of CRM1 has been associated with poor prognostic clinicopathological features, including advanced tumor stage, increased tumor invasion, larger tumor size, positive lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and invasive histological type by IHC, western-blot, and qRT-PCR. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients with high expression of CRM1 exhibited lower overall survival compared to those with low expression (Log-rank = 7.16, p = 0.007). According to the The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets, elevated CRM1 expression in head and neck cancer including cases of squamous cell laryngeal origin is associated with advanced tumor stage and histological grade (p > 0.05, for all). Conclusion: Consequently, CRM1 plays an important role in laryngeal cancer and may serve as an indicator and prognostic factor for poor overall survival in laryngeal cancer patients.


Chromosome region maintenance 1, laryngeal cancer, clinicopathological significance, prognosis

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