Background/aim: The respiratory muscles of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exhibit structural and functional changes that can be evaluated and monitored by ultrasonography. Materials and methods: This single-center, prospective study was conducted in the emergency department (ED) of a tertiary care hospital over an eight-month period (September 2020-May 2021). Diaphragmatic excursions, end-expiratory thickness, and thickening fractions, as well as right and left intercostal muscle thicknesses, of all adult subjects manifesting COPD exacerbation, were assessed. The data were analyzed regarding ward/intensive care unit (ICU) hospitalization or discharge from the ED, mortality, and readmission within 15 days. Results: Sixty-three subjects were recruited for the study. Diaphragmatic excursion, end-expiratory diaphragmatic thickness, and intercostal muscle thickness measurements were significantly different between the ward, ICU, and discharge groups (p < 0.001) but lower in the deceased subjects (all p < 0.05). The diaphragmatic excursion value of 3.25 cm was the threshold value measured for distinguishing discharge from ED, and 1.82 cm was measured for admission to the ICU, both with 100% sensitivity and selectivity (AUC = 1). Conclusion: Diaphragmatic excursion, diaphragmatic end-expiratory thickness, and right and left intercostal muscle thicknesses vary in the prognosis of subjects presenting with COPD exacerbation.
COPD, diaphragmatic thickness, diaphragmatic ultrasound, emergency department, intercostal muscle ultrasound, mortality
YEGİN, DİNÇER; OSKAY, ALTEN; OSKAY, TÜLAY; DİNÇ, SELCAN ENVER; ŞENOL, HANDE; ÖZEN, MERT; ÇAKMAK, VEFA; SEYİT, MURAT; YILMAZ, ATAKAN; and TÜRKÇÜER, İBRAHİM
"Emergency ultrasound of respiratory muscles: a promising tool for determining the outcomes of COPD exacerbations,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 53:
4, Article 18.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol53/iss4/18