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Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

DOI

10.55730/1300-0144.5658

Abstract

Background/aim: The functional and oncological outcomes of zero ischemia robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) procedures were evaluated. Materials and methods: A total of 56 patients underwent zero ischemia RPN transperitoneally, and their data were collected prospectively. Radius, exo/endophytic, nearness, anterior/posterior, location (R.E.N.A.L.) nephrometry, and PADUA scores were calculated. Patient and tumor characteristics were evaluated. Intra- and perioperative (0-30 days) complications were evaluated by Clavien classification. The change in serum creatinine, and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) were evaluated during preoperative, immediate postoperative periods, and at postoperative 6th months. Results: The mean age of the patients was 52.2 ± 8.1 (27-75) years. R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry and PADUA scores were 6.1 ± 1.3 and 7.3 ± 1.0, respectively. The duration of surgery was 108.4 ± 18.2 min and estimated blood loss was 166.2 ± 124.7 mL. There were no intraoperative complications in any of the patients. Clavien Grade 1 and 3 complications were seen in 2 patients in the perioperative period. In the perioperative period (1-30 days), one patient required blood transfusion and angiographic intervention due to postoperative bleeding (Clavien Grade 3), and one patient required hospitalisation due to prolonged subileus (Clavien Grade 1) that resolved conservatively. The radiological and pathological tumor sizes were 3.1 ± 1.1 cm and 2.8 ± 1.4 cm, respectively. The surgical margins were positive in two patients with tumour sizes of 1.5 and 4 cm. Neither local recurrence nor distant metastasis was detected, during 33.6 ± 12.3 (3-76) months. There were no statistically significant differences between preoperative eGFR and serum creatinine levels, compared with those of immediate postoperative and postoperative 6th month periods. Conclusion: Zero ischemia RPN is a safe and applicable method with acceptable oncological and functional outcomes in small renal tumors and even in selected larger renal tumors.

Keywords

Kidney, partial nephrectomy, renal cell carcinoma, robotic surgery, zero ischemia

First Page

941

Last Page

948

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