Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: A subset of melanocytic tumors with spitzoid morphology may lead to potential inaccurate diagnosis and lack of assessment of malignancy potential. In this study, we aimed to evaluate melanocytic tumors with spitzoid morphology using conventional melanoma FISH (RREB-1, CCND1, MYB and CEP6) and 9p21 FISH (CDKN2A) probes and compare the probe results with clinical and histopathological features. Materials and methods: This study is a multicentric retrospective study including three centers, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Acıbadem University, School of Medicine, Department of Pathology and ETA Pathology Laboratory. The pathology reports in archives of these three centers between 2015 and 2017 have been reviewed for cases diagnosed as atypical Spitz tumor or melanoma with Spitzoid features. These cases were selected for the study. We analyzed 39 cases of atypical Spitz tumor (AST), 10 cases of melanomas with spitzoid features for clinicopathological data and chromosomal alterations, targeting RREB-1 (6p25), CCND1 (11q13), MYB (6q23), together with 9p21 (CDKN2A), using FISH methodology. Results: Thirty out of total 49 cases showed chromosomal alterations by 4-probe melanoma FISH assay, 22 (56.4%) cases were ASTs, and 8 (80%) cases were melanomas. Eighteen out of 49 cases showed homozygote deletion by 9p21 FISH assay, 12 (30.8%) cases were ASTs, and 6 (60%) cases were melanomas. When histopathological data were compared with FISH results, a statistically significant correlation was found between 9p21 FISH positivity (homozygous deletion) and presence of deep mitosis (p < 0.05). In addition, epidermal consumption (p = 0.07) and increased mitotic activity (p = 0.05) were more frequent in cases with homozygous 9p21 deletion, but these differences did not reach statistical significance. When the clinical features were considered, there was a statistically significant correlation between 9p21 FISH positivity and the diameter (p < 0.05). There was no statistically significant correlation between melanoma FISH assay and any of the histopathological or clinical data. Conclusion: These data suggest that 9p21 FISH positivity correlated with more worrisome histopathologic and clinical features, such as deep mitosis, increased mitotic activity, epidermal consumption, and larger lesion size, so these features are precious, pointing out spitzoid lesions with higher risk. However, there is a need for further studies using FISH or similar techniques in order to provide more accurate prognostic information in lesions Blank morphology.


Melanoma, atypical Spitz tumor, FISH, 9p21, RREB-1, CDK2NA

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