Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor-1) is an important regulator of bone formation. Its deficiency has been associated with fetal growth disorders and hip dysplasia. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether IGF-1, IGF-BP3 (insulin like growth factorbinding protein 3), and IGF-BP5 levels in the umbilical cord blood can be predictive for early diagnosis of DDH. Materials and methods: Umbilical cord blood samples were collected from 860 mothers with pregnancies at high risk for DDH between October 2020 and January 2021. Mothers at 37-42 weeks of gestation, with risk factors for DDH, who delivered healthy infants were included. Blood samples were collected during delivery. Each eligible infant was medically followed up and underwent a hip ultrasound in the postnatal 2nd or 3rd month. Infants diagnosed with DDH were matched with a healthy cohort in terms of sex, birth weight, maternal age, and gestational week, and the IGF-1, IGF-BP3 and IGF-BP5 levels were studied and compared. Results: Evaluation was made of 20 infants diagnosed with DDH and 60 healthy infants. Of the total 80 infants, 72.5% were female. The umbilical cord blood levels of IGF-1 and IGF-BP3 were similar in both groups. The IGF-BP5 values were significantly lower in the DDH patient group. Except for DDH diagnosis, the other categorical variables of the study did not appear to influence the levels of any of the IGFs. Conclusion: Umbilical blood samples could potentially help diagnose DDH. The levels of IGF-BP5 were shown to be significantly lower in infants with DDH.


IGF-1, IGF-BP3, IGF-BP5, developmental hip dysplasia, umbilical cord blood

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