Background/aim: Allergic rhinitis can be associated with bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) and create an increased risk for allergic asthma development. We aimed to investigate the effects of subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) on BHR and asthma development in adult patients with allergic rhinitis. Material and methods: The retrospective case-control study was carried out between November 2018 and May 2019 in Süreyyapaşa Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital. In this study, data was recorded for patients with a mite and/or grasses/cereals pollen allergy who were tested for BHR before planned SCIT, and who had allergic rhinitis, with or without asthma. The SCIT group was selected as those who received SCIT for at least one year. The control group was selected from those who were scheduled to receive SCIT but were waived and still receiving medication. Symptom scores, prick test results, PC20 levels (methacholine challenge that is a provocative concentration causing a 20% fall in FEV1), and the presence of asthma were recorded and compared with data from at least one year after treatment. Results: A total of sixty-eight subjects (22 males, 46 females; mean age 40.54 ± 12.27 years; SCIT: 40, Control: 28) were enrolled. Although the changes in log PC20 levels were not statistically significant in both SCIT and control groups after an average of 30-35 months of treatment, it was found to be significant in favor of the SCIT group when two groups were compared in terms of the change in log PC20 (p = 0.026). The development and improvement of asthma were not significantly different between the SCIT and control group but tended to increase in the control group. The percentage of patients with progressed/BHR was significantly higher in the controls (70.6% vs. 38.1%, p = 0.046). Conclusion: In our real life study we have demonstrated the preventative effect of SCIT on BHR, but not on asthma development.
Allergic rhinitis, asthma, bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR), methacholine challenge, PC20, subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT)
TEPETAM, FATMA MERVE; ÖRÇEN, CİHAN; ÖZŞEKER, ZEYNEP FERHAN; DUMAN, DİLDAR; and SARAÇ, SEMA
"Can development of asthma and bronchial hyperreactivity be reduced by subcutaneous immunotherapy in adult patients with allergic rhinitis?,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 53:
3, Article 21.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol53/iss3/21