Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) possesses well-described photosensitizing properties, and a causal association with nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) was recently shown. However, previous studies have not shown whether HCTZ use is associated with the risk of recurrence of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). This study aims to investigate the association between HCTZ use and recurrence in patients with NMSC. Materials and methods: We identified cases with NMSC from our hospital archives during the period between 2013 and 2019. Patients were divided into groups according to the pathological diagnosis, HCTZ use, and recurrence. Multivariable analysis was performed to determine factors associated with recurrence in BCC and SCC. Results: Recurrences of BCC were significantly higher in HCTZ users with ORs of 4.839221 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.22-19.12). In HCTZ users, NMSC cases were associated with increased age (p < 0.001 for both BCC and SCC). BCC recurrences were statistically significant with age, longer follow-up, and positive margins after excision in HCTZ users (p = 0.048, 0.020, and, 0.003, respectively). SCC recurrences were not significantly associated with HCTZ use. Conclusion: HCTZ use is significantly associated with BCC recurrences. Especially in the elderly population, cases with a positive margin should be followed closely.


Cancer, hydrochlorothiazide, recurrence, skin

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