Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: We aim to show pelvic lymphocele (PL) rates in patients who were operated for endometrial cancer (EC) and underwent systematic paraaortic bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection (PABPLND) with advanced bipolar vessel sealing device (ABVSD) Materials and methods: The medical files of all patients who underwent open surgery for EC between January 2017 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. One hundred three patients who operated with the diagnosis of high-intermediate and high-risk endometrial cancer were included. Systematic PABPLND was performed with total abdominal hysterectomy with or without bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy during surgery to all patients. All operations were performed by same three surgeons who were expert in their field. While the lymph packages were removed during surgical dissection, the distal afferent and proximal efferent lymphatic channels were sealed with LigaSure™ blunt tip sealer/divider (Medtronic, Covidien, USA). The patients were scanned with computed tomography (CT) between 8 and 12 weeks postoperatively. Lymphocele diagnosis was confirmed by radiologists and largest diameter was recorded. Clinical-pathological findings of all patients were recorded. Results: Mean age and body mass index (BMI) of all participants were 58.6 ±10.2 years and 28.1± 5.6 kg/m2 . The most histopathological findings were endometrioid type (84.5%) and grade 2 (44.2%) ECs. The pelvic lymphocele (PL) was detected with CT in 24 of 103 patients at 8 to 12 weeks postoperatively. Only two PL patients were symptomatic. The first patient had symptoms of pelvic fullness and compression while the second patient had infected image. PL was located to right pelvic area in first case while the second was located on the vaginal cuff. Conclusion: The dissection and sealing of major lymph vessels were achieved during the removal of all lymph packages with LigaSure™ blunt tip laparoscopic sealer/divider. The use of advanced bipolar systems can reduce the formation of PL in lymph node dissection in endometrial cancer.


Endometrial cancer, lymphadenectomy, pelvic lymphocele, advanced bipolar sealing device

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