Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Since well-designed prospective comparative trials are lacking, haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantations approach should be based on the expertise of a particular center. In this study, we aimed to report the results and outcomes of patients who underwent haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Materials and methods: Thirty-nine patients who underwent transplantation in our clinic between 2015 and 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Primary end point of this study is to find out the survival rates of the patients. Results: The overall survival of patients was 29.9 ± 4.9 months. The disease-free survival of the patients was 37.8 ± 5.7 months. The 3-year overall survival rate of the patients was %50 and the 3-year disease-free survival rate of the patients was %53. Nineteen patients were nonsurvivors among a total of 39 patients. Busulfan-fludarabine-thiotepa was the most frequently used conditioning regimen for transplantation. Busulfan-fludarabin-antithymocyte globulin regimen is the second preferred conditioning regimen. Cyclosporine- cyclophosphamide-mycophenolate mofetil was the most widely used graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis regimen. Sixteen patients had graft-versus-host disease, 28% of the patients had acute graft-versus-host disease, and 13% had chronic graft-versus-host disease. Gastrointestinal system consists of the most involved organs in graft-versus-host disease since 15% of the patients had gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease. First-degree relatives (parent/child) were the most frequent donor source for haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Sepsis was the most frequent reason of death among transplant patients. Conclusion: In our center, we prefer to use high dose posttransplantation cyclophosphamide after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis. With this approach, our center's overall survival and disease-free survival rates are comparable and compatible with the literature findings.


Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, Graft-versus-host disease, conditioning regimens

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