Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: The prediction of adverse conditions in the preterm neonatal brain might be improved by cerebral monitoring using combined measures of cerebral function, including oxygenation and blood flow parameters. To perform the consecutive measurements of the resistive index (RI) from the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) within the first week of life and to evaluate the association of these measurements with cerebral oxygen saturation (Csat) detected by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Materials and methods: This prospective cohort study enrolled very preterm infants, <32 weeks of gestational age, admitted to a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Csat levels were continuously monitored using NIRS for 72 h after birth. ACA RI measurements were obtained on the first, third, and seventh days of life by using transcranial Doppler ultrasound. These measurements were also compared between infants with and without unfavorable outcomes, including severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and early mortality. Results: A total of 96 preterm infants with Csat and ACA RI measurements were analyzed. Age at birth was 28.3 ± 1.9 weeks and birth weight was 1090 ± 305 g. The mean Csat of the infants was 77.1% ± 8.2% during the first 72 h of life. Mean ACA RI values were 0.76 ± 0.10, 0.75 ± 0.08, and 0.77 ± 0.08 on the first, third, and seventh days of life, respectively. RI on the first day of life was significantly higher in infants delivered by cesarian section than in those delivered vaginally (0.77 vs. 0.69; p = 0.017). Infants who died earlier had significantly higher ACA RI values on the first day than infants who survived beyond the first 7 postnatal days (0.83 vs. 0.76; p < 0.001). Conclusions: There was no association between ACA RI and Csat in the early period of life. ACA RI values on the first postnatal day might be significant for predicting early mortality in very preterm infants.


Prematurity, resistive index, NIRS

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