Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Early assessment of extremity compartment syndrome by biochemical markers in a rat model
Background/aim: This experimental study aimed to define a biochemical marker that will enable early diagnosis of acute compartment syndrome (ACS) of extremities, a mortal condition that occurs due to trauma. Materials and methods: A total of 15 Wistar rats were included in the study in which saline infusion technique, a clinically compatible ACS model, was applied. After the rats were anesthetized with ketamine-xylazine, the in-compartment pressure of the hind limb was slowly increased with saline delivered through the angiocatheter, and after reaching the target compartment pressure, the pressure level was kept with a rubber tourniquet. The in-compartment pressure level was continuously monitored with a pressure transducer. The rats were divided into three groups. No intervention was applied to the control group (CG) (n = 3). In study group 1 (SG1) (n = 6), ACS was created using the saline infusion technique, keeping the in-compartment pressure between 30 and 40 mmHg for 45 min. In study group 2 (SG2) (n = 6), ACS was created using the saline infusion technique, keeping the in-compartment pressure between 30 and 40 mmHg for 90 min. Fasciotomy was performed on all rats. Tissue samples were obtained for histopathological examination and blood samples for biochemical analysis. Results: Total oxidant status (TOS) (p = 0.004), ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) (p = 0.030), aspartate transferase (AST) (p = 0.003) and neopterin (p = 0.012) levels differed significantly between groups in the early period of muscle ischemia. In fact, TOS levels differed significantly between the groups even in the cellular phase where signs of ischemia were not observed (p = 0.048, p = 0.024). According to histopathological evaluation, there was no significant difference between the groups. Conclusion: TOS can be detected in the early reversible stage of ischemia, when the histopathological findings of ACS do not occur.
Compartment syndrome, ischemia, biochemical markers, neopterin, diagnostic techniques, trauma
YILDIRIM, AHMET; ÖNAL, İBRAHİM ÖZKAN; ÇELİK, ZELİHA ESİN; VATANSEV, HÜSAMETTİN; and HATAYSAL, ESRA PAYDAŞ
"Early assessment of extremity compartment syndrome by biochemical markers in a rat model,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 53:
1, Article 2.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol53/iss1/2