Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by maladaptation of pulmonary vasculature which is leading to right ventricular hypertrophy and heart failure. miRNAs play a crucial role in the regulation of many diseases such as viral infection, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and pulmonary hypertension (PH). In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression pattern of eight human plasma miRNAs (hsa-miR-21-3p, hsa-miR-143- 3p, hsa-miR-138-5p, hsa-miR-145-3p, hsa-miR-190a, hsa-miR-204-3p, hsamiR-206, hsa-miR-210-3p) in mild-to-severe PH patients and healthy controls. Materials and methods: miRNAs were extracted from the peripheral plasma of the PH patients (n: 44) and healthy individuals (n: 30) by using the miRNA Isolation Kit. cDNA was synthesized using All in-One First strand cDNA Synthesis Kit. Expression of the human plasma hsa-miR- 21-3p, hsa-miR-143-3p, hsa-miR-138-5p, hsa-miR-145-3p, hsa-miR-190a, hsa-miR-204- 3p, hsa-miR-206, hsa-miR210-3p, and miRNAs were analyzed by qRT-PCR. Results: According to our results, in PH patients hsa-miR-21-3p and hsa-miR-143-3p expression levels were decreased by 4.7 and 2.3 times, respectively. No significant changes were detected in hsa-miR-138-5p, hsa-miR-145-3p, hsa-miR-190a, hsa-miR-204-3p, hsamiR-206, and hsa-miR-210-3p expression levels between PH and control groups. In addition, considering the severity of the disease, it was observed that the decrease in miR-138, miR-143, miR-145, miR-190, mir-204, mir-206 and miR-208 expressions was significant in patients with severe PH. Conclusion: In the early diagnosis of PAH, hsa-miR-21-3p and especially hsa-miR-143-3p in peripheral plasma can be considered as potential biomarkers.


Pulmonary hypertension, miRNA, hsa-miR-21-3p, hsa-miR-143-3p, biomarker, vascular remodeling

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