Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy for the diagnosis of diffuse parenchymal lung disease: Pitfalls and challenges, a single center experience
Background/aim: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) is a minimally invasive technique of the diagnosis of diffuse parenchymal lung diseases (DPLD). The aim of this study is to determine the clinical-radiological and histopathological characteristics of patients in whom cryobiopsy contributes to the diagnosis. Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, we searched for the medical records of patients who underwent TBLC from July 2015 to March 2020 at the pulmonology department of our university hospital clinic. Radiological images were evaluated by a chest radiologist experienced in DPLD. Prediagnosis was indicated by clinical-radiological findings. The final diagnosis was determined by the contribution of histopathological diagnosis. The agreement of pretest/posttest diagnosis and the diagnostic yield of TBLC were calculated. Results: Sixty-one patients with female predominance (59.0%) and current or ex-smoker (49.2%) made up the study population. We found the diagnostic yield of TBLC 88.5%. The most common radiological and clinical-radiological diagnosis was idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) (n = 12, 19.6%) while the most common multidisciplinary final diagnosis was cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) (n = 14, %22.9). The concordance of pre/posttests was significant (p < 0.001) with a kappa agreement = 0.485. The usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) diagnosis was detected in six patients among 12 who were prediagnosed as IPF having also a suspicion of other DPLD by clinical-radiological evaluation (p < 0.001). After the contribution of TBLC, the multidisciplinary final diagnosis of 22(36.1) patients changed. The histopathological diagnosis in which the clinical-radiological diagnosis changed the most was nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). Conclusion: We found the overall diagnostic yield of TBLC high. The pretest clinical-radiological diagnosis was often compatible with the multidisciplinary final diagnosis. However, TBLC is useful for the confirmation of clinical radiological diagnosis as well as clinical entities such as NSIP which is difficult to diagnose clinical-radiological. We also suggest that TBLC should be considered in patients whose clinicopathological IPF diagnosis is not precise.
Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy, interstitial lung disease, diagnosing
TERTEMİZ, KEMAL CAN; ALPAYDIN, AYLİN ÖZGEN; GÜLER, NURCAN; KARAÇAM, VOLKAN; GÜREL, DUYGU; and GEZER, NACİYE SİNEM
"Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy for the diagnosis of diffuse parenchymal lung disease: Pitfalls and challenges, a single center experience,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 53:
1, Article 13.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol53/iss1/13