Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




Background/aim: To investigate morphological features of the mandibular condyle and its association with anterior temporomandibular disc displacement on sagittal oblique MRI plane. Materials and methods: One hundred and twenty patients with temporomandibular MRI examination were retrospectively involved in the study. Patients aged less than 18 years and those with severe osteoarthritis, posterior disk displacement, tumor, abscess, history of a rheumatic disease, facial trauma, and motion artifacts on images were excluded. Three radiologists evaluated all images in consensus. Temporomandibular disc locations were classified as normal, anteriorly displaced with reduction (ADr), and anteriorly displaced without reduction (ADwr) on sagittal oblique T1-weighted images. Condylar shapes were classified as flat, rounded, and angled, and condyle anteroposterior width (c-APW) was measured on these images in closed-mouth position. Results: Ninety six discs were in normal position (40%), 70 discs were ADr (29%), and 74 discs were ADwr (31%). Eighty-four condyles were flat (35%), 100 condyles were rounded (42%), and 56 condyles were angled (23%). Mean c-APW was 7 mm in normal joints, 5.9 mm in ADr, and 5.8 mm in ADwr joints, and it was smaller in joints with anterior disc displacement (p < 0.001). In normal joints, flat and rounded type condylar shape was more common and almost equally prevalent (44% and 43%); however, rounded type was more common among ADr (%47) and angled type was more common among ADwr joints (36%) (p = 0.008). Patients with anterior disc displacement were significantly younger from normal cases and anterior disc displacement was more common among female sex. Conclusion: Mandibular condyle shape alterations and condyle size on sagittal oblique MRI plane are associated with anterior disc displacement. Angled shape was more common among ADwr joints. Joints with anterior disc displacement had smaller c-APW than normal joints.


Temporomandibular joint disorders, magnetic resonance imaging, mandibular condyle, morphology, disc displacement

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